Six essential components of health

Youth Health Education works with young people and their surrounding communities, including schools, parents and sporting clubs, to develop six essential components of health.


Physical health

Physical health is defined by what has, can and will affect your physical body such as genetics, diet, exercise, illness, disability, environment (including housing, work/school conditions and pollution), economic status, physical accessibility to resources and medical supplies and any other factors that can damage or improve your physical body.



Social health includes all forms of social interactions with two or more individuals including family, friends,  colleagues, team/class mates, strangers, media including social media, internet, television and movies. Social health includes the potential of being influenced by other individuals or groups, either directly or indirectly such as media.


Cognitive health

Cognitive health includes multiple factors which when combined, create an individuals intelligence. These factors are necessary to develop and/or maintain independence. Important factors include the ability to learn, memory, intuition, judgement, language, reason, concentration, planning and organisation.


Emotional health

Emotional health is not simply feeling happy all or most of the time but experiencing a large variety of  emotions (positive and negative). Positive emotional health requires the appropriate emotion to be experienced according to the event that has occurred i.e. sadness/grief with loss,  fear at a time of danger. Emotional health includes the ability to regulate and demonstrate feelings in a safe and healthy manner and that will not result in harm to one self or others. 


Cultural health

Cultural health is a combination of social and physical health as it is influenced by our community laws, beliefs, attitudes, behaviours and values and has the potential to strongly influence emotional, social and physical health.  Each culture has strong influence in meeting our physical, social and emotional needs and has great power over our community safety and accessibility to education, medical and other living resources.


Spiritual health

Spiritual health is the most abstract and difficult to define. It often includes the belief of unity with a greater force, belief of a supreme being and/or a guiding sense of meaning and often includes higher values of hope, purpose, faith and peace. Historically in western society, it is often thought of as organised religion or prayer.  Spiritual health is a combination of social, emotional, cognitive and cultural health and has the strong potential to positively and negatively affect emotional and physical health, as spirituality can be a strong motivational factor for improving and/or maintaining all other forms of health.



Youth Health Education exists to improve health outcomes for young people aged 14 to 25. Please feel welcome to contact us today!